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Queensland

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Queensland is known as the Sunshine State and a popular saying is "beautiful one day, perfect the next". It offers a bountiful of bright and beautiful locations including the Great Barrier Reef, luscious rainforests, golden beaches, vast plains, numerous resort islands, forested mountains, the red hot outback, spectacular coastline, and colourful towns and people. This state is brimming with many of Australia's exciting attractions. It has a relaxed character unlike anywhere else.

Queensland is the second largest Australian state, covering 1 727 000 km2 and it takes up one quarter of Australia's total area. This state alone is seven times the size of the United Kingdom, 2 times the size of Texas, and 4 times the size of Japan. However, despite its massive size, Queenslands population is only 3 401 200(1997) with 1 548 300 of this population being in its capital, Brisbane. Its population density is 2/km2.

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Queensland can be broken up into several different regions. The Brisbane region includes its capital city. The Bundaberg, Capricorn, Fraser Coast, Gladstone, Gold Coast, Mackay, Whitsunday, Sunshine Coast, Townsville, and Tropical North Regions are all found along its immense coastline. The Golden West and Darling Downs regions are west and south-west of Brisbane, while Outback Queensland comprises open plains and country towns.

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Just one lookout, Natural Arch on the Gold Coast, Barron Falls, Brisbane

Queensland was established as a penal colony in 1824 and opened to free settlers in 1842. Its principal cities, besides Brisbane, are the Gold Coast, Cairns, Townsville, Ipswich, Toowoomba, and Rockhampton. Queensland provides 22% of Australia's agriculture (in the form of citrus and tropical fruit, sugar, wheat, and tomatoes) as well as coal, copper, zinc, lead, nickel, oil, gas, phosphate, and bauxite.

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Outback cottage, Jackie Howe statue, Australian windmill, Stockman's Hall of Fame

Queensland has a pleasant climate year round because of its location on the Tropic of Capricorn. November to March (Summer) is humid and the coast is characterised by very high humidity. The Summers are long and hot, the winters mild but there are variations throughout this huge state. Examples of variations include inland where the days are hot and the nights can drop below zero. Places like Stanthorpe can also be very cold. Summer is the wet season in Queensland and the coast experiences cyclones early in the year.

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Port Douglas, Surfers Paradise, Glasshouse Mountains, Fraser Island

Queensland food is associated with its long coast and sub-tropical climate. Local favourites include fresh fish, crabs, prawns, pineapples, bananas, mangoes, avocados, and macadamia nuts.

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